The publications listed here are based on data collected in the context of the MeCoDEM project. Note that project team members have published more widely on issues related to media and conflict in transitional societies. Please consult the personal websites of team members for a broader range of publications.

We are committed to making our findings available to a wide audience, both within and outside academia. Hence, wherever copyright regulation allow, our publications are available through the open access repository of the University of Leeds (links are provided for each individual publication).

Project Book

The contributions of this volumes present key findings of the MeCoDEM project covering all four countries under study.

Voltmer, K., Christensen, C., Neverla, I., Stremlau, N., Thomass, B., Vladisavljević, N. and Wasserman, H. eds. 2019. Media, Communication and the Struggle for Democratic Change: Case Studies on Contested Transitions. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, Switzerland. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16748-6


Introduction: Democratization conflicts as communicative contestations.
Katrin Voltmer

Media, power, citizenship: The mediatization of democratic change.
Katrin Voltmer, Lone Sorensen

Conflict-sensitive journalism? Journalistic role perceptions and practices in democratization conflicts.
Judith Lohner, Irene Neverla, Sandra Banjac

Peace but at what cost? Media coverage of elections and conflict in Kenya.
Nic Cheeseman, Jacinta Maweu, Seth Ouma

Creativity and strategy: How civil society organizations communicate and mobilize in Egypt, Kenya, Serbia and South Africa.
Tanja Bosch, Wallace Chuma, Herman Wasserman, Rebecca Pointer

Tweeting in precarious times: Comparing Twitter use during the 2013 General Election in Kenya and the 2012 Presidential Election in Egypt.
Walid Al-Saqaf, Christian Christensen

Minority media, democratization conflicts and the politicization of Coptic communal identity in Egypt.
Yosra El Gendi, Gamal Soltan

Hybrid governance, strategic communication and the quest for institutional legitimacy.
Gianluca Iazzolino, Nicole Stremlau

Communicating power and resistance in democratic decline: The 2015 smear campaign against Serbia’s Ombudsman.
Nebojša Vladisavljević, Aleksandra Krstić, Jovica Pavlović

Dialogue of the deaf: Listening on Twitter and democratic responsiveness during the 2015 South African State of the Nation Address.
Lone Sorensen, Heather Ford, Walid Al-Saqaf, Tanja Bosch

The participation approach in media development cooperation.
Ines Drefs, Barbara Thomass

Conclusion: How does the concept of public communication challenge the concept of a Media System?
Terhi Rantanen


Sorensen, L. 2021. Populist Communication. Ideology, Performance, Mediation. Palgrave Macmillan.

Vladisavljević, N. 2019. Uspon i pad demokratije posle Petog oktobra (The Rise and Fall of Democracy in Serbia after Milošević). Belgrade, Arhipelag.

Wasserman, H. 2020. The Ethics of Engagement: Media, Conflict and Democracy in Africa. Oxford University Press.

Special Issue

Special Issue on ‘The Political Aesthetics of Democratization Conflicts’, edited by Marco Pinfari, Giorgia Aiello and Katrin Voltmer. Media, War & Conflict. 13(1), March 2020.

Journal Articles

Chuma, W., Bosch, T. and Wasserman, H. 2017. The media, civil society and democracy in South Africa: State of the Nation Address 2015. Communicatio. 43(2), pp.93-108. DOI: 10.1080/02500167.2017.1314308; open access:

Chuma, W., Bosch, T., Wasserman, H. and Pointer, R. 2017. Questioning the media-democracy link: South African’s journalists’ views. African Journalism Studies. 38(1), pp.103-127. DOI: 10.1080/23743670.2017.1292703; open access:

Ejdus, F. and Božović, M. 2016. Grammar, context and power: Securitization of the 2010 Belgrade Pride Parade. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies. 17(1), pp.17-34. DOI: 10.1080/14683857.2016.1225370

El Gendi, Y. 2017. Coptic commemorative protests and discourses of Egyptian nationalism: A visual analysis. Middle East – Topics & Arguments. 8(May, 2017), pp.45-56. DOI: 10.17192/meta.2017.8.6027

El Gendi, Y. and Pinfari, M. 2019. Icons of contention: The iconography of martyrdom and the construction of Coptic identity in post-revolutionary Egypt. Media, War & Conflict. 13(1), Special Issue. (online first: 18 Sep 2019). DOI: 10.1177/1750635219866137

Krstić, A., Aiello, G. and Vladisavljević, N. 2019. Visual metaphor and authoritarianism in Serbian political cartoons. Media, War & Conflict. 13(1), Special Issue. (online first: 19 June 2019). DOI: 10.1177/1750635219856549

Krstić, A., Parry, K. and Aiello, G. 2017. Visualising the politics of appearance in times of democratisation: An analysis of the 2010 Belgrade Pride Parade television coverage. European Journal of Cultural Studies. (First Published December 19, 2017). DOI: 10.1177/1367549417743042; open access: This publication won the Article of the Year 2017 award of the Đoka Vlajković Foundation at the University of Belgrade, for young scholars in the social sciences and humanities.

Milojević, A. and Krstić, A. 2018. Hierarchy of influences on transitional journalism. Corrupting relationships between political, economic and media elites. European Journal of Communication. 33(1), pp.37-56. DOI: 10.1177/0267323117750674

Sorensen, L. 2019. Disrupting democracy: Democratization conflicts as performative struggles. Media, War & Conflict. 13(1), Special Issue. (online first: 27 Aug 2019). DOI: 10.1177%2F1750635219870225

Sorensen, L. 2018. Populist communication in the new media environment: A cross-regional comparative perspective. Palgrave Communications. 4(article number 48), online. DOI: 10.1057/s41599-018-0101-0; open access:

Vladisavljević, N. 2019. Media discourse and the quality of democracy in Serbia after Milošević. Europe-Asia Studies. 71, pp.1-25. DOI: 10.1080/09668136.2019.1669534

Vladisavljević, N. 2017. Medijsko predstavljanje političkih sukoba (Media framing of political conflicts). CM: Communication and Media. 12(39). pp.5-38. DOI: 10.5937/comman12-13725.

Vladisavljević, N. and Voltmer, K. 2017. Media framing of democratisation conflicts in Egypt, Serbia, Kenya and South Africa. Sociologija. 59(4), pp.518-537. (Available in Serbian only:

Wasserman, H., Bosch, T. and Chuma, W. 2016. Voices of the poor are still missing from South Africa’s media. The Conversation. 22 January 2016.

Wasserman, H., Chuma, W. and Bosch, T. 2018. Print media coverage of service delivery protests in South Africa: A content analysis. African Studies. 77(1), pp.145-156. DOI: 10.1080/00020184.2018.1426312; open access:

Book Chapters

Lohner, J. and Banjac, S. 2017. A story bigger than your life? The safety challenges of journalists reporting on democratization conflicts. In: Carlsson, U. and Pöyhtäri, R. eds. The Assault on Journalism. Building Knowledge to Protect Freedom of Expression. Gothenburg: Nordicom, pp.289-301.

Vladisavljević, N. 2016. „Медији, „индексирање“ односа снага и снага и слобода штампе после Петог октобра“ (Indexing power relations and press freedom in Serbia after Milošević). In: Vranić, B. and Dajović, G. eds. Demokratska tranzicija Srbije: (re)kapitulacija prvih 25 godina (Serbia’s Democratic Transition: (Re)assessment of the First 25 Years). Belgrade, University of Belgrade – Law School. [ISBN: 978-86-7630-670-1]

PhD Thesis

Sorensen, L. 2018. Populist communication in comparative perspective: Ideology, performance, mediation. PhD thesis, School of Media and Communication, University of Leeds.